|DA||See dynamic aperture.|
|Damper||Transverse or longitudinal feedback system used to damp injection oscillations and / or multi bunch instabilities of a beam.|
|Decay and snap back||Persistent current decay is a change in the persistent current contribution to the total magnetic field in superconducting magnets powered at constant current (e.g. at injection). This effect varies among magnets and is a function of the powering history (i.e. previous current cycles). When the magnet current is changed (e.g. during the acceleration ramp) the magnetic field comes back to the original value before the decay. This effect is called snap back and occurs for the LHC main dipole magnets within the first 50 A change of the LHC ramp.|
|Dispersion suppressor||The dispersion suppressor refers to the transition between the LHC arcs and insertions. The dispersion suppressor aims at a reduction of the machine dispersion inside the insertions. Each LHC arc has one dispersion suppressor on each end. The length of the dispersion suppressors is determined by the tunnel geometry. Each LHC dispersion suppressor consists of four individually powered quadrupole magnets which are separated by two dipole magnets. In the following this arrangement of 4 quadrupole and 8 dipole magnets is referred to as two missing dipole cells. For the machine lattice these two missing dipole cells are referred to as one dispersion suppressor. However, reducing the dispersion at the
IPs to zero requires a special powering of two more quadrupole magnets on each side of the arc. In terms of the machine optics the dispersion suppressor refers therefore to the two missing dipole cells plus one additional arc cell.
|Dog leg magnets||Special dipole magnet used for increasing the separation of the two machine channels from standard arc separation. The dogleg magnets are installed in the cleaning insertions IR3 and IR7 and the RF insertion IR4.|
|Dynamic aperture||Maximum initial oscillation amplitude that guarantees stable particle motion over a given number of turns. The dynamic aperture is normally expressed in multiples of the RMS beam size (σ) and together with the associated number of turns.|